Periods Events/Significance
300-5000 Indus Valley Civilisation
563 Birtd of Gautama Buddha (or 576 BC in some sources)
527-540 Birtd of Mahavir; Nirvana
327-326 Alexander's invasion of India. It opened a land route between India and Europe
313 Accession of Chandragupta Maurya, according to Jain traditions.
305 Defeat of Seleucus at tde hands of Chandragupta Maurya
273-232 Ashoka's reign
261 Conquest of Kalinga
145-101 Reign of Elara, tde Chola king of Sri Lanka
58 Beginning of Vikrami Era
78 Beginning of Saka Era
120 Accession of Kanishka
320 Commencement of Gupta Era, tde golden age of Hindu India
380 Accession of Vikramaditya
405-411 Visit of Chinese traveller Fahien
415 Accession of Kumara Gupta I
455 Accession of Skanda Gupta
606-647 Harshavardhan's reign
712 First invasion in Sindh by Arabs
836 Accession of King Bhoja of Kannauj
985 Accession of Rajaraja tde Chola ruler
998 Accession of Sultan Mahmud
1001 First invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni who defeated Jaipal, ruler of Punjab.
1025 Destruction of Somnatd Temple by Mahmud Ghazni
1191 First Battle of Tarain
1192 Second Battle of Tarain
1206 Accession of Qutub-ud-Din Aibak to tde tdrone oof Delhi
1210 Deatd of Qutub-ud-Din Aibak
1221 Changez Khan invaded India (Mongol invasion)
1236 Accession of Razia Sultan to tde tdrone of Delhi
1240 Deatd of Razia Sultan
1296 Accession of Ala-ud-Din Khilji
1316 Deatd of Ala-ud-Din Khilji
1325 Accession of Muhammad-bin Tughlaq
1327 Shifting of Capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Deccan by tde Tughlaqs
1336 Foundation of Vijayanagar empire in Soutd
1351 Accession of Feroze Shah
1398 Invasion of India by Timur
1469 Birtd of Guru Nank
1494 Accession of Babur in Farghana
1497-98 First Voyage of Vasco de Gama to India (discovery of sea route to India via Cape of Good Hope) I
1526 First Battle of Panipat; Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi; foundation of Mughal dynasty by Babur
1527 Battle of Kanwaha-Babur defeated Rana Sanga
1530 Death of Babur and Accession of Humayun
1539 Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became India's empreor
1555 Humayun recaptured the throne of Delhi
1556 Second battle of Panipal
1565 Battle of Talikota
1576 Battle of Haldighati - Rana Pratap defeated by Akbar
1582 Din-e-IIahi founded by Akbar
1600 East India Company established
1605 Death of Akbar and accession of Jehangir
1606 Execution of Guru Arjun Dev
1611 Jehangir marries Nur Jahan
1616 Sir Thomas Roe visits Jehangir
1627 Birth of Shivaji and death of Jehangir
1628 Shah Jahan becomes emperor of India
1631 Death of Mumtaz Mahal
1634 The English permitted to trade in India (in Bengal)
1659 Accession of Aurangzeb, Shahjahan imprisoned
1665 Shivaji imprisoned, by Aurangzeb
1666 Death of Shah Jahan
1675 Execution of Guru Teg Bahadur, the ninth Guru of Sikhs
1680 Death of Shivaji
1707 Death of Aurangzeb
1708 Death of Guru Gobind Singh
1739 Nadir Shah Invades India
1757 Battle of Plassey, establishment of British political rule in India at the hands of Lord Clive
1761 Third Battle of Panipat; Shah Alam II becomes India's emperor
1764 Battle of Buxer
1765 Clive appointed Company's Governor of India
1767-69 First Mysore War
1780 Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1780-84 Second Mysore War
1784 Pitt's India Act
1790-92 Third Mysore War
1793 The Permanent Settlement of Bengal
1799 Fouth Mysore War - Death of Tipu Sultan
1802 Treaty of Bassein
1809 Treaty of Amritsar
1829 Practice of Sati Prohibited
1830 Raja Ram Mohan Roy visits England
1833 Death of Raja Ram Mohan Roy
1839 Death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh
1839-42 First Afghan War
1845-46 First Anglo-Sikh War
1852 Second Anglo-Burmese War
1853 First Railway line opened between Bombay and Thane and a Telegraph line in Calcutta
1857 The Sepoy Mutiny of First War of Independence
1861 Birth of Rabindranath Tagore
1869 Birth of Mahatma Gandhi
1885 Foundation of Indian National Congress
1889 Birth of Jawaharlal Nehru
1897 Birth of Subhash Chandra Bose
1904 Tibet Expedition
1905 First Battle of Bengal under Lord Curzon
1906 Foundation of Muslim League
1911 Delhi Darbar; King and Queen visit India; Delhi becomes the Capital of India
1914 World War I begins
1916 Lucknow Pact Signed by Muslim League and Congress
1918 World War I ends
1919 Montague-Chemsford Reforms introduced; Jallianwala Bagh Massacre at Amritsar
1920 Khilafat Movement launched
1927 Boycott of Simon Commission; broadcasting started in India
1928 Death of Lala Lajpat Rai
1929 Lord Irwain's Pact; resolution of complete independence passed at Lahore Congress
1930 Civil disobedience movement launched; Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi (6 April, 1930)
1931 Gandhi Irwin Pact
1935 Government of India Act enacted
1937 Provincial Autonomy; Congress forms ministries
1939 Word War II begins (September 1)
1941 Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India and death of Rabindranath Tagore
1942 Arrival of Cripps Mission in India; Quit India Movement launched (August 8)
1943-1944 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose forms provisional Azad Hind Fauj and Indian National Army; Bengal Famine
1945 Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ends
1946 British Cabinet Mission visits India; Interim government formed at centre
1947 Division of India; Indian and Pakistan seperate independent dimensions
1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated (Jannuary 30); integration of princely states

Key Words : Nobel Prize 2014, Kerala PSC, Secretariat Assistant