*  World Refugee Day 

1756 - Black Hole of Calcutta.

1887 - Victoria Terminus, now known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus established...

1837 - Queen Victoria Succeeds the Throne in England

1900 - Boxer Rebellion begins in China

1782 - Congress approved the Great Seal of the United States, featuring the emblem of the bald eagle.

1863 -West Virginia became the 35th state.

1893 - a jury in New Bedford, Massachusetts, found Lizzie Borden not guilty of the ax murders of her father and stepmother

1943 - race-related rioting erupted in Detroit; federal troops were sent in two days later to quell the violence that resulted in more than 30 deaths.

1944 - during World War II, Japanese naval forces retreated in the Battle of the Philippine Sea after suffering heavy losses to the victorious American fleet.