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TODAY IN HISTORY - JULY 31



• 1658 – Aurangzeb is proclaimed Moghul emperor of India.

• 1865 – The first narrow-gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Queensland, Australia.

• 1940 – Martyrdom Day of Shahid Udham Singh (Birth on 1899)

Udham Singh (26 December 1899 – 31 July 1940) was an Indian revolutionary best known for assassinating Sir Michael O'Dwyer, the former Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab in British India, on 13 March 1940. The assassination has been described as an avenging of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in 1919. Singh is a prominent figure of the Indian independence struggle. He is sometimes referred to as Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh A district (Udham Singh Nagar) of Uttarakhand was named after him in October 1995 by Mayawati government.


• 1971 – Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover.

• 1980 – Death day of Mohammed Rafi, Indian singer (Birth on  1924)

• 2006 – Fidel Castro hands over power to brother Raúl Castro.




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