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TODAY IN HISTORY - 9 MARCH


• 1009 – The first known record of the name of Lithuania appeared in an entry in the annals of the Quedlinburg Abbey in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.


• 1796 – Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais.

• 1842 – The first documented discovery of gold in California occurred at Rancho San Francisco, six years before the California Gold Rush.

• 1911 - Clara Rockmore's Birthday 



Clara Rockmore (March 9, 1911 – May 10, 1998) was a Lithuanian virtuoso performer of the theremin, an electronic musical instrument.

• 1932 – Éamon de Valera (pictured), one of the dominant political figures in twentieth-century Ireland, became President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State.

• 1934 Yuri Gagarin's Birthday , Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut.

Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Russian Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961.

Gagarin became an international celebrity, and was awarded many medals and titles, including Hero of the Soviet Union, the nation's highest honour. Vostok 1 marked his only spaceflight, but he served as backup crew to the Soyuz 1 mission (which ended in a fatal crash). Gagarin later became deputy training director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre outside Moscow, which was later named after him. Gagarin died in 1968 when the MiG-15 training jet he was piloting crashed. The Yuri Gagarin Medal is awarded in his honor.
 





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