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TODAY IN HISTORY - 19 MARCH

• 1279 – Emperor Bing, the last emperor of the Song dynasty, died during the Battle of Yamen, bringing the dynasty to an end after three centuries.

1911 – Socialist German politician Clara Zetkin established the first International Women's Day.

1941 – The Tuskegee Airmen, the first all-African American unit of the United States Army Air Corps, was activated.

1962 – Highly influential American musician Bob Dylan released his eponymous debut album.

• 1998 - Death date of EMS Nambothiripad , Indian communist politician and theorist, First Kerala Chief Minister.



Elamkulam Manakkal Sankaran Namboodiripad  (13 June 1909 – 19 March 1998), popularly EMS, was an Indian communist politician and theorist, who served as the first Chief Minister of Kerala state in 1957–59 and then again in 1967–69. As a member of the Communist Party of India (CPI), he became the first non-Indian National Congress chief minister in the Indian republic. In 1964, he led a faction of the CPI that broke away to form the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM).

As chief minister, Namboodiripad pioneered radical land and educational reforms in Kerala, which helped it become the country's leader in social indicators. It is largely due to his commitment and guidance that the CPM, of which he was Politburo member and general secretary for 14 years, has become such a domineering political force, playing a vital role in India's new era of coalition politics.

2008 – The gamma-ray burst GRB 080319B, the farthest object that could be seen by the naked eye, was observed.







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